Site-directed mutagenesis of the amino acid residues in -strand III [Val30-Val36] of D-amino acid aminotransferase of Bacillus sp. YM-1
Hyeon-Su ro, Seung-Pyo Hong, Hwa-Jung Seo, Tohru Yoshimura, Nobuyoshi Esaki, Kenji Soda, Hak-Sung Kim, Moon-Hee Sung
The -strand III formed by amino acid residues Val30-Val36 is located across the active site of the thermostable D-amino acid aminotransferase (D-AAT) from thermophilic Bacillus sp. YM-1, and the odd-numbered amino acids (Tyr31, Val33, Lys35) in the strand are revealed to be directed toward the active site, Interestingly, Glu32 is also directed toward the active site. We first investigated the involvement of these amino acid residues in catalysis by alanine scaning mutagenesis. The Y31A and E32A mutant enzymes showed a marked decrease in kcat value, retaining less than 1% of the wild-type enzyme activity. The kcat values of V33A and K35A were changed slightly, but the Km of K35A for -ketoglutarate was increased to 35.6mM, compared to the Km value of 2.5 mM for the positive charge at Lys35 interacted electrostatically with the negative charge at the side chain of -ketoglutarate. Site-directed mutagenesis of the Glu32 residue was conducted to demonstrate the role of this residue in detail. From the kinetic and spectral characteristics of the Glu32-substituted enzymes, the Glu32 residue seemed to interact with the positive charge at the Schiff base formed between the aldehyde group of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) and the -amino group of the Lys145 residue.